The iosipescu specimen was designed for testing anisotropic materials, is the most widely. Quartersawn boards of sitka spruce picea sitchensis carr. Many other research groups have also adopted the test method during the past five years. Dec 03, 2009 the iosipescu shear and the vnotched rail shear test methods are astm standards, astm d 5379 1 and d 7078 2, respectively. Specific calculations can be made based on the exact size of the crosssectional area that experiences the shear stress. The test method is described and its range of applications indicated, including examples of typical data.
Mar 25, 2019 admin march 25, 2019 march 25, 2019 no comments on astm d5379 pdf astm d is a testing standard designed to measure the shear properties of composite materials. It is shown that the tensile strength of the composites showing brittle failure can be determined directly from the load values obtained by the iosipescu shear test. Astm d5379 pdf astm d is a testing standard designed to measure the shear properties of composite materials. This test requires an iosipescu shear fixture which is specifically designed for use with a universal testing machine. Interfacial shear strength determined by iosipescu v. The iosipescu shear test was originally designed for measuring shear properties of isotropic and homogenous materials such as metals 1. The first type of test is a direct shear stress test. Astm d5379 d5379m 19 standard test method for shear. The shear stiffness was largest in the lr plane followed by lt and rt planes.
The iosipescu or vnotch shear test is a method capable of determining the shear modulus and interfacial shear strength ifss of composites at the fibermatrix interface. Pdf a comparison between the iosipescu and offaxis shear. As a result, the american society for testing and materials astm is presently in the final stages of making the iosipescu shear test an astm standard. This test is one of the oldest shear tests for composites and was developed and adopted during the 1980s. The iosipescu shear test, developed initially in the 1960s for use with homogeneous, isotropic structural materials such as metals, has been adapted during the past ten years for use with composite materials. Thick adherend lap shear results at various deformation rates dp460ns l, sa9850 r. The state of stress in an losipescu shear test specimen is analyzed, utilizing a finite element computer program.
Much of this development work has taken place at the university of wyoming, where a very efficient test fixture configuration has. The finite element analysis procedure and associated computer program used to model the iosipescu shear test specimen was developed at the university of. In this paper, we compared the shear stress shear strain relations of wood obtained by iosipescu and torsion tests. Beam method, or more commonly known as the iosipescu shear. The iosipescu shear test method as used for testing polymers. The short beam shear test is a relatively quick, easy and inexpensive test to perform. There was not a significant difference cr of the average of glr between the standard iosipescu shear test and the simplified iosipescu shear test by t test. This test procedure introduces the compressive force into the specimen through shear at grip interfaces. Pdf design of iosipescu shear test for applying to a bimodulus. Department of agriculture, forest service forest products laboratory one gifford pinchot drive madison, wisconsin 537052398 abstract this paper describes a new shear test fixture designed with the iosipescu specimen.
The design applies mechanical fastening to fix the specimen to the. Variations of the standard specimen configuration, including notch depth, notch angle, and notch root radius are modeled. The iosipescu test is a method of determining the shear modulus and interfacial shear strength ifss of engineering materials primarily glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymer cfrp composites. The method adopts fourpoint asymmetric loading procedure in the iosipescu shear test but with the loading positions shifted to the neutral axis. Finally, inplane and throughthethickness shear properties measured using the losipescu shear tests are presented for a. Pdf measurement of shear modulus of wood pinus pinaster ait. Shear test fixtures are designed for inplane or interlaminar shear testing of composite materials. Iosipescu shear test, vnotch specimen, carbonglass tow, hybrid. Shear characterization in the three material planes was done using the iosipescu test.
The iosipescu test method as a method to evaluate the tensile. The iosipescu shear test is widely used to test shear properties of woven composites 484950515253. Engineering sciences iosipescu shear test for adhesive materials and bonded frp elements d. While all of these tests have some utility in certain specific applications, none meet all of the criteria of being simple to perform, generally applicable to any material, and capable of measuring both. Iosipescunew accurate procedure for single shear testing of metals. Aug 28, 2017 for the aerospace industry and others using composites, the iosipescu shear test has become a necessary test method, with no easy way to notch these bars before tensilkut engineering developed the. Consequently, more reliable results can be obtained, and the test has become well accepted among researchers in the field. Iosipescu shear test for adhesive materials and bonded frp elements 2 12 mm. The iosipescu test method as a method to evaluate the. Measurement of shear modulus of wood pinus pinaster ait. Either inplane or interlaminar shear properties may be evaluated, depending upon the orientation of the material coordinate system relative to the loading axis. Fixture includes adjustable wedge type grip and inserts for 0.
The vnotched beam testing method iosipescu method, astm d5379 is used widely in the field of composite materials for testing inplane shear. Experimental and theoretical evaluations of the iosipescu. The interlaminar shear strength is a characteristic value describing the mechanical behavior of composite materials such as laminates. A new iosipescu shear test fixture design that can be used to perform the test procedure outlined in test method for shear properties of composite materials by the vnotched beam method astm d 5379 was designed, fabricated, and tested.
One of the most commonly used shear tests described in astm d 5379 4 is the notch shear test, which was first suggested by iosipescu 5. The test essentially consists of a double vnotched beam specimen, to which two counter reacting forces are applied, such that a state of pure shear is generated along the specimen midsection iosipescu, 1967. Hygrotermal effects evaluation using the iosipescu shear test. This test method applies an asymmetrical fourpoint. Pdf proposing a modified configuration for iosipescu.
Use of the iosipescu shear test for measurement of shear properties of unidirectional. Testing shear strength of concrete cylinders using the. Composite shear test cutting for astm d5379 samples using. The losipescu shear test as applied to composite materials. Note 1 this shear test concept was originally developed. Composite materials with varying toughness levels were tested using the iosipescu shear test method. The rescaling procedure has been verified numerically with fe. The iosipescu shear test uses two force couples to create an area of high shear near the midlength of a test specimen. Measuring elastic constants of hevea brasiliensis using.
Shear of composite materials by the vnotched beam method astm d5379. Astm d5379 describes a shear test for compostie materials such as carbon fiber, ceramics, and certain types of advanced metallurgies. These include the iosipescu shear test or the vnotched rail shear test. Bulletin of the transilvania university of brasov vol. This test method measures the shear stressstrain, the ultimate strength and the ultimate strain, as well as the shear chord modulus of elasticity. Verification and application of the iosipescu shear test method. Several methods for the determination of the interlaminar shear strength are described in open literature by several authors.
Ugc offers a complete line of shear fixtures for astm testing. Comparisons of shear stressshear strain relations of wood. The iosipescu shear and the vnotched rail shear test methods are astm standards, astm d 5379 1 and d 7078 2, respectively. Aug 20, 2019 astm d5379 pdf astm d is a testing standard designed to measure the shear properties of composite materials. A notched beam specimen is placed in a shear fixture. Verification and application of the iosipescu shear test. Unfortunately, reported academic and industrial applications using the iosipescu test are. Iosipescus shear test is compared to similar test techniques, including the asymmetrical fourpoint bending afpb test.
Hygrotermal effects evaluation using the iosipescu shear. Iosipescu tests were conducted with specimens loaded in the radial direction, and the shear stress shear strain relations were obtained. The vnotched beam method, or more commonly known as the iosipescu shear method, was standardized into astm d5379 in 1993, while the vnotched rail shear method was more recently introduced in 2005 under astm d7078. The influence of test fixture configuration on this stress state is included. Evaluation of a modified iosipescu shear test method for determining. A comparison between the iosipescu and offaxis shear test. This is due to the simplicity of its test fixtures and samples. If the true shear properties of a composite are required e. Composite shear test cutting for astm d5379 samples using v. Theoretical and experimental evaluation of the iosipescu shear test. During the experiment, two coun teracting force couples are applied to a specimen and a state of constant shear force is induced in the midplane of the specimen. Fixture is mounted with a 1220 stud and platen platen not included. Astm d5379 vnotched beam testing losipescu of cfrp youtube. Beam method, or more commonly known as the iosipescu shear method, was standardized into astm d in, while the vnotched rail shear method.
The iosipescu shear test method as used for testing polymers and. Aug 25, 2015 the vnotched beam testing method iosipescu method, astm d5379 is used widely in the field of composite materials for testing inplane shear. Properties, in the test direction, which may be obtained from this test method, include the following. This fixtures has been designed for inplane or interlaminar shear testing of composite materials. Pdf measurement of shear modulus of wood pinus pinaster. At coventive we use the short beam shear test alongside a wide range of other tests as part of our material characterisation services. In the modified design of the test fixture adams and walrath 1987, the specimen was actually like a short beam with builtin ends, mak. Compared with other test methods, such as the thinwalled tube test and the solid rod torsion test 2,3, the iosipescu shear test uses a flat specimen. However, these recommendations are valid only for bulk adhesive specimens. Interest in the iosipescutype test is related to finding an effective yet inexpensive shear characterization procedure. Best practices for vnotched shear testing of composites. Rt plane exhibited the highest poissons ratio and tl plane the lowest. The iosipescu shear test method as used for testing.
For the aerospace industry and others using composites, the iosipescu shear test has become a necessary test method, with no easy way to notch. The short beam shear test for composite materials coventive. Experimental characterization of the mechanical properties. The failure modes were analyzed and classified into brittle, mixed or shear modes. However, selection of the methods to measure the interfacial strength is still a very controversial. Astm d5379 is a testing standard designed to measure the shear properties of composite materials. Standard test method for shear properties of composite. Pdf tension and compression tests were conducted on a ceramicfiber reinforced sio2 aerogel cfrsa. Determination of shear strength of unidirectional composite. Significant difference was noted in the shear strength of lr planes between block shear test and iosipescu test but not with the lt planes. Conse quently, we believe that glr from the standard iosipescu shear test coincides with that from the simplified iosipescu shear test.
Stress state analysis of iosipescu shear specimens for. Pdf proposing a modified configuration for iosipescu shear. Shear stress vs shear rate of dp460ns and sa9850, data acquired from thick adherend lap. Characterization of structural adhesives using lap shear. The iosipescu or the vnotch shear test is an experimental method capable of determining the interfacial shear. A comparison between the iosipescu and offaxis shear test methods for the characterization of pinus pinaster ait. Pdf inspired by the notch root axial splits observed in testing unidirectional composites, a new staggered geometry is proposed for the iosipescu. The iosipescu shear test, also known as asymmetric four point bending of a v notched beam. Jun 17, 2019 admin june 17, 2019 june 17, 2019 no comments on astm d5379 pdf astm d is a testing standard designed to measure the shear properties of composite materials. The edge shear test an alternative testing method for. The highest value of normal stiffness of the material in compression was obtained in the longitudinal direction followed by radial stiffness and tangential stiffness. The vnotched beam method, better known as iosipescu shear method, was standardized into astm d5379 in 1993. The fixture has a 10,000 lbs 44 kn capacity and a temperature. A modern account of iosipescu testing sciencedirect.
For this test method vnotches specimen design is used in order to create a localized and approximate uniform. This test method applies an asymmetrical fourpoint compression load to a specimen with vnotches, which enables the application of only shear stress to the evaluation area. Astm d5379 vnotched beam testing losipescu of cfrp. Critical examination of the iosipescu shear test as applied to 0degrees unidirectional composite materials. Interfacial shear strength determined by iosipescu vnotch. For thermoplastic or metalmatrix composites, plastic behavior of the matrix material largely constitutes the nonlinear shear response. Experimental and analytical researches have been extensively conducted on applying iosipescu test to orthotropic composites 67. An improved shear test fixture using the iosipescu specimen jen y.
An improved shear test fixture using the iosipescu specimen. For joint specimens figure 3b it is difficult to record the strain variations with strain gauges since the sensing elements need to be smaller than the bond thickness usually 1 mm. Iosipescu in 1967 to quantify shear strength for concrete, the test 1 was not used in any notable manner until the. Finally, inplane and throughthethickness shear properties measured using the losipescu shear tests are presented for a variety of materials, including a unidirectional graphiteepoxy, random and continuousfiber sheet molding compounds, and two polymer materials. Twelve beams with three different surface treatments between two layers of concrete were tested using a modified iosipescu loading scheme until a slipping direct shear failure occurred at the interface. The data can be used for research and development purposes concerning interply strength or composite material comparison. Rammer usda forest service, forest products laboratory,1 madison, wi, usa abstract a new shear test fixture design that uses arcan specimen geometry has been developed for wood. A history of the losipescu shear test as applied to composite materials is presented along with a description of the test fixture and specimen design.
Accuracy of shear properties of wood obtained by simplified. Both are used primarily for inplane shear testing, but each can be used for interlaminar shear testing as well. The second type of test is a three point flexural shear stress test. A simple method for finding both shear the strength and the shear modulus is proposed, based on a modified iosipescu or hawong shear test that uses a notched beam probe loaded by forces applied on. Current status of the iosipescu shear test method sage journals. The iosipescu shear test consists of a vnotched specimen mounted in both sides of the iosipescu test. Since then, the astm d7078 vnotched rail shear test has gained popularity and is also in widespread use. While concrete specimens that are prepared in in a laboratory can be formed to virtually any desired shape, field specimens, which are mostcommonly procured through core drilling, typically possess circular crosssections. Only a single shear plane may be evaluated for any given specimen. The test determines shear strain, shear stress and shear modulus. Among these methods, the ilss test din en iso 14 measuring the apparent interlaminar shear strength by using a.498 414 1600 1493 435 276 350 191 835 310 459 1515 264 1588 138 554 356 719 275 1282 1543 1165 689 936 959 1060 1430 1379 940 468 570 956 1341 797 733 101 811 334 598 320 1206 1256 1004 1127